Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders FASDs are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. These effects can include physical problems and problems with behavior and learning. Often, a person with an FASD has a mix of these problems.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders FASDs is an umbrella term used to describe the range of effects that can occur in an individual with prenatal alcohol exposure. The exact number of children who have an FASD is difficult to determine. Based on studies of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and others, it is estimated that in the United States, somewhere between and 8, babies could be born each year with fetal alcohol syndrome FAS.
The mental and physical problems that can develop in the baby are known as "foetal alcohol syndrome". Experts are still unsure exactly how much alcohol is safe for you to have while pregnant, which is why not drinking at all is the safest approach. If the mother drinks alcohol, this easily passes from her blood through the placenta to her baby's blood.
Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder FASD refers to the range of problems caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol exposure to alcohol during pregnancy. The effects of alcohol on a fetus include:.
A more recent article on fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders is available. To complement the Annual Clinical Focus on medical genomics, AFP will be publishing a series of short reviews on genetic syndromes. This series was designed to increase awareness of these diseases so that family physicians can recognize and diagnose children with these disorders and understand the kind of care they might require in the future.
Back to Health A to Z. The baby can't process alcohol as well as the mother can, which means it can damage cells in their brain, spinal cord and other parts of their body, and disrupt their development in the womb. This can result in the loss of the pregnancy.
Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition in a child that results from alcohol exposure during the mother's pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome causes brain damage and growth problems. The problems caused by fetal alcohol syndrome vary from child to child, but defects caused by fetal alcohol syndrome are not reversible.
In fact, alcohol beer, wine, or hard liquor is the leading cause of preventable birth defects and developmental disabilities in the United States. Babies exposed to alcohol in the womb can develop fetal alcohol spectrum disorders FASDs. These disorders include a wide range of physical, behavioral, and learning problems.