Cum nimis

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Premieres May Check your local listings. Giovanni Pietro Carafa became Pope in He is known as the Father of the Roman Inquisition.

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It takes its name from its first words : [1] "Since it is absurd and utterly inconvenient that the Jews, who through their own fault were condemned by God to eternal slavery The bull revoked all the rights of the Jewish community and placed religious and economic restrictions on Jews in the Papal Statesrenewed anti-Jewish legislation and subjected Jews to various degradations and restrictions on their personal freedom. The bull established the Roman Ghetto and required the Jews of Rome, which had existed as a community since before Christian times and numbered about 2, at the time, to live in it.

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This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus years or fewer. You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it.

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Professor Kavanagh is correct that popes would often be greeted at their coronation by a delegation of Roman Jews bearing Torah scrolls. However, he neglected to mention that after blessing the Jews, the popes would admonish them that, while the church revered the Torah, it deplored that Jews remained blind to the truth of the Gospels. Sometimes the popes would drop scrolls to the ground to emphasize their point, much to the horror and consternation of the Roman Jews.

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This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus years or fewer. You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it.

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Jewish History. Two major events are generally cited as indicative of the new hostile Counter-Reformation attitude of the Papacy toward the Jews and consequently as causing a deterioration of the situation of the Jews throughout the Italian peninsula. The first is the papal bull Cum Nimis Absurdum issued in by Paul IV, the zealous former Cardinal Caraffa, only months after he assumed the papal throne, while the second is the burning at the stake in of the former New Christians who had reverted to Judaism in Ancona.

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How does one deal with anti-Catholic polemic regarding the teaching of infallibility in relation to teachings such as those found in this papal bull on moral issues relating to Jews? A temporal decision is never infallible because it is not a doctrine. For instance a teaching on faith or morals would be that sabbaths sundays are to be kept holy, however the meaning of keeping the sabbath holy, and what works are or could be carried on sundays is not a teaching but a decision which falls under the temporal authority of the church.

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Even before his election he was a leading spirit in the Counter-Reformation and staunch enemy of all forms of heresy. Scarcely had he been elected pope than he bore down upon the Jews in the Papal States with implacable ruthlessness. He was mainly responsible for the burning of the Talmud in In his Bull Cum nimis absurdum of July 14,he decreed that in every town the Jews were to gather together in one street or one quarter, which was to be locked at night the ghettoand all synagogues except one were to close.

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It takes its name from its first words: "Since it is absurd and utterly inconvenient that the Jews, who through their own fault were condemned by God to eternal slavery The bull revoked all the rights of the Jewish community and placed religious and economic restrictions on Jews in the Papal States, renewed anti-Jewish legislation and subjected Jews to various degradations and restrictions on their personal freedom. The bull established the Roman Ghetto and required the Jews of Rome, which had existed as a community since before Christian times and numbered about 2, at the time, to live in it.

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And they would dare to perpetrate a wide variety of other dishonorable things, contemptuous of the name Christian. Considering that the Church of Rome tolerates these very Jews evidence of the true Christian faith and to this end [we declare]: that they, won over by the piety and kindness of the See, should at long last recognize their erroneous ways, and should lose no time in seeing the true light of the catholic faith, and thus to agree that while they persist in their errors, realizing that they are slaves because of their deeds, whereas Christians have been freed through our Lord God Jesus Christ, and that it is unwarranted for it to appear that the sons of free women serve the sons of maids. Desiring firstly, as much as we can with [the help of] God, to beneficially provide, by this [our decree] that will forever be in force, we ordain that for the rest of time, in the City as well as in other states, territories and domains of the Church of Rome itself, all Jews are to live in only one [quarter] to which there is only one entrance and from which there is but one exit, and if there is not that capacity [in one such quarter, then], in two or three or however many may be enough; [in any case] they should reside entirely side by side in designated streets and be thoroughly separate from the residences of Christians, [This is to be enforced] by our authority in the City and by that of our representatives in other states, lands and domains noted above. Furthermore, in each and every state, territory and domain in which they are living, they will have only one synagogue, in its customary location, and they will construct no other new ones, nor can they own buildings.

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